Muay Thai Rules and Technical Details

Muay Thai is a combat sport that originated in Thailand and is now practiced all over the world. Known as the “art of eight limbs,” it involves the use of punches, kicks, knees, and elbows. In this blog post, we will cover the basic rules of Muay Thai.

The Ring

Muay Thai fights take place in a ring, similar to boxing or kickboxing.

The ring measures 6.1 meters (20 feet) square, and the fighters are separated by a rope that is 1.2 meters (4 feet) from the ground.


Muay Thai fighters wear gloves, which are usually 8-10 ounces, and are required to wear protective gear such as head guards, shin guards, and mouthguards.

Fighters also wear traditional Muay Thai shorts, which are typically shorter and wider than regular shorts.

Weight Classes

Like other combat sports, Muay Thai has weight classes to ensure that fighters are evenly matched. The weight classes range from 105 pounds to over 209 pounds. Fighters can use either an orthodox or southpaw stance.


Muay Thai fights are scored based on the number of strikes landed on the opponent. Judges consider factors such as technique, power, and accuracy. Fighters can score points by landing punches, kicks, knees, and elbows.

The referee can also award points for a variety of reasons, including a fighter’s dominance in the ring, knockdowns, and fouls committed by the opponent.

Duration of the Fight

Muay Thai fights can last anywhere from three to five rounds, with each round lasting three minutes. In professional fights, there is a one-minute break between rounds, while amateur fights typically have a two-minute break.


There are several fouls in Muay Thai, including hitting below the belt, hitting the back of the head, biting, spitting, and attacking a downed opponent (there is no ground fighting like in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu). Fighters who commit fouls can have points deducted or even be disqualified from the match.


These are the basic rules of Muay Thai. As with any combat sport, it’s important to understand the rules before stepping into the ring. Muay Thai is a challenging and exciting sport that requires skill, athleticism, and mental toughness. By following the rules and training hard, fighters can achieve success in the ring and beyond.

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